Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is a nucleic acid, along with deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). The primary difference between RNA and DNA is that RNA is a single-strand molecule folded in on itself, whereas DNA is a double-strand molecule. RNA plays many biological roles that involve the coding and expression of genes. Viruses may also use RNA to encode their genes.
RNA also performs many functions in multi-cell organisms, including catalyzing biochemical reactions, responding to cellular signals, and regulating gene expression. Multi-cell organisms also synthesize proteins with RNA. This process uses messenger RNA (mRNA) to direct the assembly of proteins in the ribosomes of the cells. Transfer RNA (tRNA) transfers amino acids to the ribosomes, while ribosomal RNA (rRNA) binds the amino acids together to synthesize the proteins.
RNA is also used to make health supplements. This RNA typically comes from baker’s yeast, known scientifically as Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Humans have used this yeast for thousands of years, primarily for making beer, bread, and wine. Yeast consumes sugar and produces alcohol and carbon dioxide as waste products. The production of alcohol is encouraged for winemaking and brewing, while carbon dioxide production is encouraged in bread making.
The primary value of RNA as a health supplement deals with its ability to assist in the rapid proliferation of cells. This property is especially useful during surgery, injury, and attacks on the immune system.
The management of injuries is one of the most common reasons to take RNA supplements. They are also used to support your memory, the aging process, and digestion.
RNA may help maintain memory recall and improve absent-mindedness. A combination of RNA and DNA is typically used for this purpose.
RNA may support the health of the intestines, where rapid cell proliferation is important. This property is especially helpful for digestive conditions.
RNA supplements may also help defy the visible signs of aging, which most often affects the skin.
RNA may be able to support the body’s natural ability to heal itself after an injury or surgery. This use of RNA is often combined with eicosapentaenoic acid and l-arginine.
Major surgery or injury is one of the most significant signs that you may benefit from RNA supplements, particularly in patients with burns or those requiring intensive care. Patients requiring liver surgery are also especially likely to need RNA. People who want to improve their mental sharpness and memory may also benefit from RNA supplements. Additional conditions that can indicate a need for RNA include a low mood, energy level, and sex drive.
mRNA, tRNA, rRNA
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