Eczema is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that causes blisters, crusting, and scaly skin rashes. Also called atopic dermatitis, eczema affects more than 80 million people worldwide. The skin itches and has thick, dry patches spread over it. Most eczema sufferers have itching that is unbearable.
Nutritional and dietary research studies have shown that fish oil with high content of Omega 3 DHA and EPA fatty acids has numerous benefits for people with eczema. Eczema Symptoms
Young children typically have skin symptoms on the face, knees, and elbows. Adults have rashes in the same areas plus on the inside surfaces of the knees and elbows. The most common signs and symptoms of eczema include:
• Redness and blistering
• Dry, itchy skin
• Leathery areas either lighter or darker than normal skin tone
• Scaling and thickened skin
• Oozing and crusting lesions Eczema Causes
Skin disorder researchers are still investigating the causes of eczema, but believe that the condition is both hereditary and environmental. While you can’t change your genes, you can avoid certain allergens and skin irritants that make the disorder worse. These include temperature changes, excessive water exposure, and stress. The risk factors for eczema include a young age, living in a low-humidity climate, personal and family history, living in an urban area, and exposing skin to harsh conditions. Fish Oil and Eczema: Research Findings
Nutritional researcher Dr. Horrobin  reviewed the clinical studies and medical reports on the relationship between eczema and omega-3 fatty acids. People with this common inherited skin condition were found to have low blood levels of essential fatty acids.
Administration of linoleic acid (a by-product of omega-3) was thought to improve eczema, particularly by eliminating skin roughness. Dr. Horrobin concluded that atopic dermatitis and eczema could be a minor inherited abnormality of essential fatty acid metabolism.
A team of researchers headed by Dr. Morse  studied gamma-linolenic acid in the form of primrose oil because it was thought to treat eczema symptoms. Several trials were conducted at different research centers. The doctors rated the patients according to severity of eczema. These nutritional experts found that there was a positive association between a rise in essential fatty acid levels and improvement of eczema.
Another study reported in a Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center article  found that people taking fish oil had a remarkable reduction in eczema symptoms after 12 weeks of therapy. The dietary experts think that this was due to a reduction of leukotriene B4, an inflammatory substance that plays a role in eczema and that fish oil helps eczema sufferers by cutting down the amount of leukotriene B4 bloodstream.
German researchers, whose work was published in the British Journal of Dermatology (reported by The Telegraph [4)], gave 44 patients with atopic eczema aged between 18- and 40-years-old daily tablets of either 5.7g Omega 3 supplements or placebos for eight weeks.
Those on the supplements recorded an average 18 per cent reduction in their symptoms, measured on a standard scale known as Severity Scoring of Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD), by the end of the trial. How exactly does fish oil benefit eczema patients?
The body does not produce its own omega-3 fatty acids and relies on other sources. Because fish oil rich in omega-3s reduces swelling, pain, and inflammation, experts believe it also reduces the inflammatory changes associated with eczema.
When you eat fish or consume fish oil, it benefits the body with anti-inflammatory benefits. The three most important fatty acids in fish oil are docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), eicosapentanoic acid (EPA), and linolenic acid. All three substances are thought to be key factors in diminishing the discomfort caused by eczema.
The human body needs both DHA and EPA. DHA can be easily converted by the body to EPA; on the other hand it is very difficult for the body to convert EPA to DHA. If the body needs more EPA it can easily get it from DHA so that has always been the main rationale for going to the extra effort and focusing on DHA in Xtend-Life Omega 3 fish oil supplements
 Horrobin, D. (2000).Essential fatty acid metabolism and its modification in atopic eczema. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 71(1): 367 - 372.
 Morse, P.F. et al. (1996). Meta-analysis of placebo-controlled studies of the efficacy of Epogam in the treatment of atopic eczema. Relationship between plasma essential fatty acid changes and clinical response. British Journal of Dermatology, 121(1): 75 – 90.